Global Indicators of Regulatory Governance

Challenging Regulations

The ability to challenge regulations after they are passed is a key component of a healthy regulatory system. This avenue for redress is particularly important for investors, as it boosts confidence where they see an opportunity to reverse perceived discriminatory regulations.

For the Global Indicators of Regulatory Governance, the team asked government officials and the private sector whether affected parties can request reconsideration or appeal adopted regulations to the relevant administrative agency. The data explore whether affected parties have access to administrative review by the regulatory body, administrative review by an independent body and/or judicial review.

 

Economy Can affected parties request reconsideration or appeal adopted regulations to the relevant administrative agency? Administrative review by the regulatory body Administrative review by an independent body Judicial review Is there any existing requirement that regulations be periodically reviewed to see whether they are still needed or should be revised?
Afghanistan No No No No n/a
Albania No No No No Yes
Algeria No No No No No
Angola No No No No No
Antigua and Barbuda Yes No No Yes No
Argentina No No No No No
Armenia Yes Yes No Yes No
Australia No No No No No
Austria Yes No No Yes Yes
Azerbaijan Yes No No Yes No
Bahamas, The Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Bahrain No No No No No
Bangladesh Yes Yes No Yes No
Barbados Yes Yes No n/a Yes
Belarus Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Belgium Yes Yes No Yes No
Belize Yes No No Yes No
Benin Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Bhutan Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Bolivia Yes Yes No Yes No
Bosnia and Herzegovina No No No No No
Botswana No No No No n/a
Brazil Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Brunei Darussalam No No No No n/a
Bulgaria Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Burkina Faso No No No No No
Burundi Yes Yes n/a n/a No
Cabo Verde Yes No No Yes n/a
Cambodia No No No No n/a
Cameroon No No No No No
Canada Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Central African Republic No No No No No
Chad n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Chile No No No No No
China No No No No Yes
Colombia Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Comoros Yes Yes No Yes No
Congo, Dem. Rep. Yes Yes No Yes n/a
Congo, Rep. No No No No n/a
Costa Rica No No No No No
Côte d'Ivoire Yes Yes No Yes No
Croatia Yes Yes No Yes No
Cyprus Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Czech Republic No No No No Yes
Denmark No No No No No
Djibouti n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Dominica No No No No No
Dominican Republic No No No No No
Ecuador Yes Yes No Yes No
Egypt, Arab Rep. No No No No Yes
El Salvador Yes No No Yes No
Eritrea n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Estonia No No No No No
Eswatini No No No No No
Ethiopia Yes Yes No Yes No
European Union Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Fiji No No No No n/a
Finland Yes No No No No
France Yes Yes No Yes No
Gabon No No No No No
Gambia, The No No No No No
Georgia Yes Yes No Yes No
Germany Yes n/a n/a Yes Yes
Ghana Yes Yes No No No
Greece Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Grenada Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Guatemala No No No No No
Guinea No No No No n/a
Guinea-Bissau No No No No n/a
Guyana No No No No No
Haiti No No No No n/a
Honduras Yes Yes No Yes No
Hong Kong SAR, China Yes Yes Yes Yes n/a
Hungary Yes No No No Yes
Iceland Yes Yes No Yes Yes
India Yes Yes No Yes n/a
Indonesia Yes No No Yes n/a
Iran, Islamic Rep. Yes No No Yes n/a
Iraq Yes n/a n/a Yes No
Ireland No No No No No
Israel No No No No n/a
Italy Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Jamaica Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Japan Yes No Yes Yes n/a
Jordan Yes n/a n/a n/a No
Kazakhstan Yes Yes No No Yes
Kenya Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Kiribati n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Korea, Rep. Yes No Yes No Yes
Kosovo Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Kuwait No No No No No
Kyrgyz Republic No No No No Yes
Lao PDR No No No No No
Latvia Yes No No No No
Lebanon Yes n/a n/a Yes No
Lesotho n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Liberia n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Libya n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Lithuania Yes No No Yes Yes
Luxembourg Yes No No Yes No
Macedonia, FYR Yes Yes No No No
Madagascar No No No No No
Malawi No No No No No
Malaysia Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Mali Yes Yes No No n/a
Malta No No No No Yes
Marshall Islands n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Mauritania Yes Yes No No n/a
Mauritius Yes No No No No
Mexico Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. No No No No No
Moldova No No No No No
Mongolia No No No No n/a
Montenegro Yes No No Yes No
Morocco No No No No No
Mozambique No No No No n/a
Myanmar Yes Yes No No No
Namibia No No No No n/a
Nepal No No No No n/a
Netherlands No No No No No
New Zealand Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Nicaragua Yes Yes No No No
Niger Yes Yes No No No
Nigeria No No No No n/a
Norway Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Oman No No No No No
Pakistan Yes No No Yes No
Palau n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Panama No No No No No
Papua New Guinea n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Paraguay Yes Yes No Yes No
Peru Yes No Yes Yes No
Philippines Yes Yes No No No
Poland No No No No No
Portugal Yes No No Yes No
Puerto Rico (U.S.) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Qatar n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Romania Yes Yes No Yes No
Russian Federation Yes No No Yes Yes
Rwanda Yes Yes No No No
Samoa No No No No n/a
San Marino Yes No No Yes No
São Tomé and Príncipe Yes Yes No Yes n/a
Saudi Arabia No No No No No
Senegal No No No No Yes
Serbia No n/a n/a n/a No
Seychelles No No No No No
Sierra Leone Yes No Yes No Yes
Singapore Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Slovak Republic Yes No No No No
Slovenia No No No No No
Solomon Islands n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
South Africa Yes Yes Yes Yes No
South Sudan Yes No No Yes No
Spain Yes No No Yes No
Sri Lanka No No No No n/a
St. Kitts and Nevis No No No No No
St. Lucia Yes No No Yes No
St. Vincent and the Grenadines Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Sudan No No No No n/a
Suriname Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Sweden No No No No No
Switzerland No No No No Yes
Syrian Arab Republic No No No No No
Taiwan, China No No No No No
Tajikistan Yes Yes No No No
Tanzania Yes Yes No No No
Thailand Yes No No No n/a
Timor-Leste Yes Yes No Yes n/a
Togo Yes Yes No Yes No
Tonga No No No No No
Trinidad and Tobago Yes No No Yes Yes
Tunisia Yes Yes No No No
Turkey Yes No No Yes n/a
Uganda Yes Yes No No Yes
Ukraine Yes No No Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates Yes No Yes Yes No
United Kingdom Yes No No Yes Yes
United States Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Uruguay Yes Yes No Yes No
Uzbekistan No No No No No
Vanuatu No n/a n/a n/a n/a
Vietnam No No No No No
West Bank and Gaza Yes Yes n/a n/a Yes
Yemen, Rep. Yes Yes n/a Yes No
Zambia Yes No Yes No Yes
Zimbabwe No No No No n/a