Global Indicators of Regulatory Governance

Transparency of Rulemaking

Where citizens know the rules that govern their society and have a role in shaping them, they are more likely to comply with those rules. Corruption is lower and the quality of regulation is higher.

For the Global Indicators of Regulatory Governance, the team asked government officials and the private sector whether regulators commonly communicate with the public about proposed regulations, and if so, how. Communication could be through unified websites where all (or substantially all) new regulations are posted before adoption, websites specific to particular ministries, public gazettes, federal journals or targeted outreach to specific stakeholders.

 

Economy Text or summary of proposed regulations published before enactment Published on a unified website Published on the website of the relevant ministry or regulator Printed in an official gazette / journal or other publication Directly distributed to interested stakeholders
Afghanistan No No No No No
Albania Yes No Yes No Yes
Algeria No No No No No
Angola No No No No No
Antigua and Barbuda Yes Yes No No No
Argentina Yes No Yes No Yes
Armenia Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Australia Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Austria Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Azerbaijan Yes Yes Yes No No
Bahamas, The Yes Yes No No Yes
Bahrain No No No No No
Bangladesh Yes No Yes No Yes
Barbados Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Belarus Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Belgium Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Belize Yes No No No Yes
Benin Yes No No No Yes
Bhutan Yes Yes No No Yes
Bolivia Yes Yes No No Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina Yes Yes No Yes No
Botswana Yes No No Yes Yes
Brazil Yes No Yes No No
Brunei Darussalam No No No No No
Bulgaria Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Burkina Faso No No No No No
Burundi Yes No Yes No Yes
Cabo Verde No No No No No
Cambodia Yes No Yes No Yes
Cameroon Yes No No No Yes
Canada Yes Yes No No Yes
Central African Republic No No No No No
Chad No No No No No
Chile Yes No Yes No No
China Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Colombia Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Comoros Yes No No Yes Yes
Congo, Dem. Rep. No No No No No
Congo, Rep. No No No No No
Costa Rica Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Côte d'Ivoire Yes No Yes No Yes
Croatia Yes Yes No No Yes
Cyprus Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Czech Republic Yes Yes No No Yes
Denmark Yes Yes No No Yes
Djibouti Yes No No No Yes
Dominica Yes No No Yes Yes
Dominican Republic Yes No Yes Yes Yes
Ecuador No No No No No
Egypt, Arab Rep. Yes No No No Yes
El Salvador Yes No No No Yes
Eritrea No No No No No
Estonia Yes Yes No No Yes
Eswatini Yes No No Yes Yes
Ethiopia No No No No No
European Union Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Fiji Yes No Yes Yes No
Finland Yes Yes Yes No Yes
France Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Gabon No No No No No
Gambia, The Yes No No No Yes
Georgia Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Germany Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Ghana Yes No No Yes Yes
Greece Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Grenada Yes No No No Yes
Guatemala No No No No No
Guinea No No No No No
Guinea-Bissau Yes No No Yes No
Guyana Yes No No No No
Haiti No No No No No
Honduras No No No No No
Hong Kong SAR, China Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Hungary Yes Yes No No Yes
Iceland Yes Yes No No Yes
India Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Indonesia Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Iran, Islamic Rep. No No No No No
Iraq Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Ireland Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Israel Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Italy Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Jamaica Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Japan Yes Yes No No No
Jordan Yes Yes No No No
Kazakhstan Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Kenya Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Kiribati No No No No No
Korea, Rep. Yes Yes Yes No No
Kosovo Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Kuwait No No No No No
Kyrgyz Republic Yes Yes Yes No No
Lao PDR Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Latvia Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Lebanon Yes No No No Yes
Lesotho No No No No No
Liberia No No No No No
Libya No No No No No
Lithuania Yes Yes No No Yes
Luxembourg Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Macedonia, FYR Yes Yes No No No
Madagascar No No No No No
Malawi Yes No No Yes No
Malaysia Yes No Yes No No
Mali No No No No No
Malta Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Marshall Islands Yes No No No Yes
Mauritania No No No No No
Mauritius Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Mexico Yes Yes No No Yes
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. Yes No No No Yes
Moldova Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Mongolia Yes No Yes No No
Montenegro Yes No Yes No No
Morocco Yes Yes No No No
Mozambique Yes No No Yes Yes
Myanmar Yes No Yes Yes Yes
Namibia Yes No No Yes No
Nepal Yes No No No Yes
Netherlands Yes Yes Yes No Yes
New Zealand Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Nicaragua Yes No No No Yes
Niger Yes No No No Yes
Nigeria Yes No No Yes Yes
Norway Yes Yes No No Yes
Oman No No No No No
Pakistan Yes No Yes Yes Yes
Palau Yes No No No Yes
Panama Yes No Yes No Yes
Papua New Guinea Yes No No No Yes
Paraguay Yes No No No Yes
Peru Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Philippines Yes No Yes No Yes
Poland Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Portugal Yes No Yes Yes Yes
Puerto Rico (U.S.) No No No No No
Qatar No No No No No
Romania Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Russian Federation Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Rwanda Yes No No No Yes
Samoa Yes Yes No No No
San Marino Yes Yes No No Yes
São Tomé and Príncipe No No No No No
Saudi Arabia Yes No Yes No No
Senegal Yes No No Yes Yes
Serbia Yes Yes Yes No No
Seychelles No No No No No
Sierra Leone Yes No No Yes Yes
Singapore Yes Yes Yes No No
Slovak Republic Yes Yes No No Yes
Slovenia Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Solomon Islands Yes Yes No Yes Yes
South Africa Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
South Sudan No No No No No
Spain Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Sri Lanka Yes Yes No No No
St. Kitts and Nevis No No No No No
St. Lucia Yes No No Yes Yes
St. Vincent and the Grenadines Yes Yes No No Yes
Sudan Yes No No No Yes
Suriname No No No No No
Sweden Yes Yes No No Yes
Switzerland Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Syrian Arab Republic No No No No No
Taiwan, China Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Tajikistan Yes No No No Yes
Tanzania Yes Yes Yes No No
Thailand Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Timor-Leste Yes No No Yes Yes
Togo Yes No No No Yes
Tonga Yes No No No Yes
Trinidad and Tobago Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Tunisia Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Turkey Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Uganda Yes No No No Yes
Ukraine Yes No Yes No No
United Arab Emirates Yes No No Yes Yes
United Kingdom Yes Yes Yes No Yes
United States Yes Yes No Yes No
Uruguay Yes No Yes No No
Uzbekistan Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Vanuatu No No No No No
Vietnam Yes Yes Yes No Yes
West Bank and Gaza No No No No No
Yemen, Rep. No No No No No
Zambia Yes Yes No No Yes
Zimbabwe Yes Yes No No Yes